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BEIJING, Feb. 4 (Xinhua) -- Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao on Thursday urged to boost development of social undertakings and improvement of people's livelihoods while pushing forward the transformation of economic growth mode.Speaking to a seminar for provincial and ministerial level officials presided over by Vice Premier Li Keqiang and attended by Vice President Xi Jinping, Wen said development of science, education and culture was key to the transformation of China's economic growth mode and its sustainable development.He urged that plans should be made to forge a number of emerging strategic industries as the mainstay of China's economy as soon as possible, and that traditional industries should be upgraded with the latest technologies to enhance their efficiency and competitiveness. Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao (C) speaks as Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping(R) and Vice Premier Li Keqiang (L) listen in a seminar on the implementation of the Scientific Outlook on Development and the transformation of the mode of economic development in Beijing, capital of China, Feb. 4, 2010. The seminar, attended by the country's provincial and ministerial chiefs, opened on Wednesday at the Party School of the Communist Party of China(CPC) Central Committee in BeijingHe also called for stepped-up efforts in technological self-innovation, the creation and protection of intellectual properties.Reforms in China's education system must also be carried forward so as to promote quality education and to give the schools more say in their operation, the Premier said.Authorities must ensure free access to the nine-year compulsory education for all children, and to bridge the gap of imbalanced educational resources between urban and rural areas and between different regions and schools, Wen said.Vocational education should also be improved, he added.Noting that culture was an important factor in boosting the country's development and the revitalization of the nation, Wen said policies to support the development of cultural industries and innovations should be perfected.In addition, he stressed that boosting employment should be given top priority in China's social and economic development.Authorities should increase employment by maintaining stable and relatively fast economic growth, fueling the development of the service industry, labor and knowledge-intensive industries, and supporting the development of small and medium-sized enterprises and the non-public sectors, he said.They should also provide more training for people having difficulties in finding jobs, Wen said.The Premier also said the country's income distribution system should be perfected so that all 1.3 billion Chinese could enjoy the fruit of the country's reform and opening up drive.Authorities should make special efforts to raise the payment for people with modest or low incomes in both urban and rural areas in the country, especially farmers and migrant workers, he said, adding that tax tools should be better employed to adjust the income distribution.He also urged that the country's social security system should be perfected.A nationwide social security network should be set up, and medical reforms should be deepened in the country to provide the public with easy and equal access to medical services.The public should be fully motivated to contribute to the development of social undertakings, in order to improve the quality and efficiency of public services, Wen said.


BEIJING, March 4 (Xinhua) -- The 11th Panchen Lama has made debut in China's political arena as a political advisor at the ongoing annual session of the National Committee of Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) in Beijing."This is the first time for me to attend the CPPCC meeting as a new member, so I will learn from other members," he told Xinhua while joining a panel discussion of the religious circle of the CPPCC National Committee Thursday.A day earlier, he attended the opening meeting of the Third Session of the 11th CPPCC National Committee, the country's top political advisory body.During the two-hour panel discussion from 9 a.m. to 11 a.m. Thursday, he took notes from time to time when other members spoke and sometimes exchanged a few words with others around him, but he did not take the floor.During the break of the panel discussion, many other members came to chat, take photos and shake hands with him, and he kept smiling in a amicable manner."I have shouldered the mission of safeguarding national unity and ethnic solidarity since I was enthroned (in 1995). Now, such a sense of responsibility is becoming even stronger," he told Xinhua.Tenpai Nyima, a CPPCC member from Tibet's Nyingchi Prefecture, said he felt very delighted to see the appearance of the 11th Panchen Lama, although he did not speak at the panel discussion."He is an outstanding leader of Tibetan Buddhism as well as our glory and pride," he said.The 11th Panchen Lama, Bainqen Erdini Qoigyijabu, one of the two most senior living Buddhas in Tibetan Buddhism, became a CPPCC member on Feb. 28. Earlier on Feb. 3, he was elected vice president of the Buddhist Association of China."Although he is young, he is mature and diligent, and he has increasingly profound Buddhist attainments and a growing popularity in Tibetan-inhabited regions," said Padma, a CPPCC member from northwestern Qinghai Province."I believe he can carry forward the fine tradition of the 10th Panchen Lama in loving the nation, the religion and the people, and in safeguarding the national unity and ethnic solidarity," he said.The 11th Panchen Lama, with the secular name Gyaincain Norbu, was born in February 1990 in Lhari County, in northern Tibet's Nagqu Prefecture.He was approved by the central government as the reincarnation of the 10th Panchen Lama in November 1995 after a lot-drawing ceremony among three candidates in the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa.Over the past years, he has given head-touching blesses to hundreds of thousands of believers, and ardently participated in public welfare activities.After the deadly riot broke out in the Tibet's regional capital of Lhasa on March 14, 2008, he strongly condemned the violence, saying that it ran counter to Buddhist tenets.He also presided over a prayer meeting in Beijing on May 21, 2008, in which he prayed for peace in Wenchuan in southwestern Sichuan Province and neighboring areas struck by an 8-magnitude on May 12.On March 28, 2009, he unexpectedly delivered a speech in English at the opening ceremony of the Second World Buddhist Forum in Wuxi City of eastern Jiangsu Province, winning applause and appreciation.In the speech, he used Buddhist sutras to give enlightenment to believers about how to deal with various threats facing modern society -- such as environmental degradation, wealth gap, financial crisis, terrorist attacks, and taught believers to do more deeds beneficial to others."He is very bright and becoming more and more knowledgeable. I believe he is capable of further promoting Buddhism," said Shingtsa Tenzinchodrak, a living Buddha from Tibet's Shannan Prefecture, also a deputy to the National People's Congress, the country's top legislature.To Kelsang Drokar, a villager from the Tarma Village in the suburbs of Lhasa, 11th Panchen Lama's new position as a CPPCC member made him and his fellow villagers very happy."We hope he can bring more blessings and benefits to our people of Tibetan ethnic group," he said.

BEIJING, Feb. 8 (Xinhua) -- The Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee Monday called on it members to strengthen learning Marxist theories and various fields of knowledge as required by the country's modernization drive.A circular issued by the General Office of the CPC Central Committee said, "Be it a country, a nation or a party, if it does not strengthen study or enhance the learning ability, it will certainly be left behind by the time."It said as China has entered a new development stage, new problems will constantly emerge and "there are many things that we are not familiar with, or do not understand."It called on CPC members to deeply learn the Marxist theories, the Party's guideline principles, policies, history, and the country's laws and regulations, as well as various kinds of knowledge that would be useful in the modernization drive.It said efforts should be made to study the Scientific Outlook on Development, the core of policies of the leadership which has been enshrined in the Party's constitution and stresses a comprehensive, balanced and sustainable development that is people-oriented.


BEIJING, March 21 (Xinhua) -- China is likely to see trade deficit in March, Minister of Commerce Chen Deming said here Sunday.Chen made the remarks while delivering a speech at the China Development Forum 2010, running from Sunday to Monday, with a theme of "China and the World Economy: Growth, Restructuring and Cooperation".

BEIJING, March 12 (Xinhua) -- The gang-related trials in southwest China's Chongqing were carried out in an open, just and transparent way, Qian Feng, president of the Higher People's Court of Chongqing, said here Friday.Qian made the remarks when attending a panel meeting of the annual session of the National People's Congress (NPC), China's top legislature, in Beijing."The crackdown on gangs was just one of the judicial work highlights in Chongqing last year," Qian said while attending the meeting. "The number of gang-related cases and those involved was relatively low in Chongqing compared with the country's figures.""We heard those cases strictly according to the criminal law ," Qian said.He said more than 200 deputies to legislatures at different levels and hundreds of journalists heard the court proceedings of those cases, particularly the case of Wen Qiang, a former judicial chief of the municipality.Chongqing started a sweeping crackdown against organized crimes in the city in June last year, in which more than 3,300 suspects were arrested.A total of 87 officials were prosecuted after the massive crackdown for being related with gangs, including 12 high-ranking officials.

BEIJING, Feb. 11 (Xinhua) -- China's consumer price index (CPI), a main gauge of inflation, rose 1.5 percent year on year in January 2010, the National Bureau of Statistics announced Thursday.Food prices went up 3.7 percent last month year on year, with non-food prices edging up 0.5 percent from a year earlier.The figure advanced 0.6 percent in November 2009, ending nine months of decline.


BEIJING, Feb. 24 (Xinhua) -- Chinese lawmakers Wednesday called for improving the country's food safety supervision network after a nationwide law enforcement inspection tour.National lawmakers started the inspection tour last September after the Food Safety Law took effect last June.Lu Yongxiang, vice chairman of the National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee, told lawmakers that many regions had not completed reform of the food safety supervision mechanism.Most of the cities and counties had not started the reform yet, Lu said at a three-day bimonthly session of the top legislature that started Wednesday, when presenting a report of the inspection tour.He called for stronger coordination led by health departments.The report suggested establishing a national food safety risk assessment center and a food safety standard management system.Earlier this month, the State Council set up a food safety commission consisting of three vice premiers and a dozen minister-level officials.The lineup of the commission's members includes Vice Premiers Li Keqiang, Hui Liangyu and Wang Qishan, as well as more than ten heads or vice heads of government departments in charge of health, finance, and agriculture among other portfolios.The establishment of the commission followed a string of nationwide crackdowns and arrests in the wake of new melamine-tainted milk products being found in Shanghai as well as Liaoning, Shandong and Shaanxi in recent months.

DAVOS, Switzerland, Jan. 28 (Xinhua) -- Chinese Vice Premier Li Keqiang on Thursday called for international efforts to promote the sound recovery and sustained development of the world economy in the post-crisis era.In a keynote speech delivered at the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in the eastern Swiss ski resort of Davos, Li said the theme of the meeting "Rethink, Redesign, Rebuild" embodies the spirit of cooperation and innovation to discuss means of world economic development in the post-crisis era.He introduced the measures China had taken to deal with the international financial crisis, its achievements and China's intended follow-up economic policies.The vice premier said the crisis did not change the fundamentals and long-term positive trend of China's economic development.Chinese Vice Premier Li Keqiang delivers a speech in the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos, Switzerland, Jan. 28, 2010"Last year, we acted with resolve and confronted challenges head-on, and succeeded in ensuring steady and fast economic growth. As we draw plans for this year, we are confident that we can stay on top of the complicated situation and maintain steady and fast growth of the Chinese economy," said Li."Looking ahead, we are well positioned to achieve long-term, fast and steady economic growth."China needs to follow a scientific outlook on development -- accelerating essential transformation of economic growth pattern, intensifying strategic adjustment of economic structure and endeavoring to explore new development models, he told the world's leading business executives and political leaders.As a responsible and big developing country, China will stick to its unswerving path of peaceful development and mutually beneficial opening-up strategy, work together with other countries to promote the building of a harmonious world with sustained peace and common prosperity, he said.The international community had scored initial achievements by working together to cope with the financial crisis, which struck over a year ago, he said.Countries, whose fates are closely connected with each other, should further share responsibility and enhance cooperation under the complicated situation.Chinese Vice Premier Li Keqiang delivers a speech in the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos, Switzerland, Jan. 28, 2010. Li laid out a five-point proposal regarding world economic recovery and sustained development in the post-crisis era."First, we should continue to work together and prevail over the crisis. In a globalized world, the economies of all countries are interdependent and mutually reinforcing," said the Chinese vice premier.The policies of one country can well impact those of others. Only when global economic recovery is achieved can the recovery of national economies be secured, he said.The recent concerted responses by various countries have reduced the severe impact of the international financial crisis and prevented the occurrence of a serious recession, he said.The crisis is not over yet and the foundation for economic recovery is still weak. Continued cooperation among countries is needed to avoid twists and turns and reduce risks in the course of recovery, said Li."Second, we should promote more open market," Li said. The international community should firmly fight protectionist practices, translate commitments into real actions and continue to advance trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, he added."Third, we should promote balanced development of the world," said Li. Efforts should be made to strengthen South-South cooperation and North-South cooperation, improve international mechanisms to promote balanced development, scale up assistance to developing countries and realize the UN Millennium Development Goals on schedule so as to deliver the benefits of development to people in all countries."Fourth, we should jointly tackle major challenges. This is our urgent task if we want to ensure sound recovery and sustained development of the world economy," he said.The international community should coordinate actions to meet global challenges like climate change, energy security, food security, public health security and major natural disasters, he said."Fifth, we should improve the structure of global governance," Li said. It is universally recognized that there is a need to improve current structures and develop a more fair and efficient structure of global governance that reflects changes in the global political and economic landscape.The principle of equal participation and inclusive cooperation should be followed in improving global governance. It is imperative to raise the voice and representation of developing countries, said Li.Chinese Vice Premier Li Keqiang delivers a speech in the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos, Switzerland, Jan. 28, 2010A country's right to choose its own development model should be respected, and the primary role of the United Nations and relevant agencies and the constructive role of the Group of 20 should be given a better play, he said.


BEIJING, Jan. 30 (Xinhua) -- China on Saturday decided to suspend scheduled visits between the Chinese and U.S. armed forces, in response to Washington's plan to sell a package of arms worth about 6.4 billion U.S. dollars to Taiwan. "We made the decision out of considerations on the severe harm of the U.S. arms sales to Taiwan," said Defense Ministry spokesman Huang Xueping in a statement.The U.S. government on Friday announced the plans to sell a package of arms to Taiwan, which include Patriot missiles, Black Hawk helicopters and minesweepers. China immediately expressed strong indignation about the sale after the U.S. government notified the U.S. Congress of the plans.Qian Lihua, director of the Defense Ministry's Foreign Affairs Office, on Saturday summoned the defense attache of the U.S. Embassy in Beijing to lodge a stern protest."The Chinese military expresses grave indignation and strongly condemns such a move to grossly interfere into China's internal affairs and harm China's national security interests," Qian said in a press release of the office.Taiwan issue is related to China's sovereignty and territorial integrity, and concerns China's core interests."The U.S. arms sales to Taiwan gravely violates the three joint communiques between China and the United States, and seriously endangers China's national security and harms China's reunification course," Qian said.The U.S. such move also constitutes severe violation of the agreements reached by the top leaders of both sides on the China-U.S. relations in the new situation, he said.It runs counter to the principles of the joint statement issued during U.S. President Barack Obama's visit to China in November last year, said Qian.The U.S. plan will definitely bring about serious negative impact on the relations between the two countries and militaries, and will to the end severely undermine the interests of the United States itself, he noted.The United States have reiterated in many occasions that it will adhere to the one-China policy, abide by the three joint communiques and support the peaceful development of relations across the Taiwan Straits."However, the United States now takes faithless action to sell arms to Taiwan again," Qian said such plans severely poison the political foundation of the relations between the two militaries, and produce grave obstacles to military exchanges between the two sides.Qian urged the United States to respect China's core interests and concerns, take practical actions to abide by its solemn commitments on Taiwan issue, withdraw its arms sales items to Taiwan, and stop military links with Taiwan, in order not to create further damage to the relations between the two countries and the two militaries and to the peace and stability across the Taiwan Straits."We reserve the right of taking further actions," he noted.According to Huang, the spokesman, "such a move is gravely against especially the 'Aug. 17' communique signed in 1982."The U.S. side states in the Communique that "it does not seek to carry out a long-term policy of arms sales to Taiwan" and "intends to reduce gradually its sales of arms to Taiwan, leading over a period of time to a final resolution.""We will never give in or compromise in this issue," the statement quoted Huang as saying, noting that the Chinese military will firmly fight against any move to destroy China's national sovereignty security and territorial integrity.

BEIJING, March 12 (Xinhua) -- Chinese mainland held ceremonies Friday commemorating the 85th anniversary of the death of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, the forerunner of the anti-feudalism revolution in China.In Beijing, a ceremony was held in Zhongshan Park, a park named after Dr. Sun.Abdul'ahat Abdulrixit, vice chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC), China's top political advisory body, Zhou Tienong, chairman of the Central Committee of the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang (RCCK), Lou Zhihao, deputy head of the United Front Work Department of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, and Beijing Vice-Mayoress Cheng Hong placed flower baskets at the foot of a statue of Sun Yat-sen.The ceremony was presided over by Li Wuwei, vice chairman of the Central Committee of the RCCK, and was joined by more than 200 people including representatives from the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, China's top legislature.Local officials and citizens in east China's Jiangsu Province marked the day at the mausoleum of Dr. Sun in Nanjing, capital city of Jiangsu, honoring his spirit and achievements in the revolution and calling for national reunification.In Shanghai, books were published about Dr. Sun and his wife, Soong Ching Ling, former Chinese Honorary President, commemorating his death.A local official at the Shanghai ceremony held in the former residence of Dr. Sun, said he hoped that the books would promote patriotism among the public, especially the youth.Dr. Sun was born in 1866 and died in 1925. He is known to the Chinese as a "great revolutionary and statesman" who fought against feudalism and imperialist aggression and for the independence and freedom of the Chinese people. Memorial ceremonies are held every year on the date of his death around the nation.

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